在 Ubuntu Hardy 上安装rubygems 1.3.7

[ruby]

今天,帮一个朋友解决gem问题,服务器是 Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy。所有 gem 操作都出 301 错误,gem env 显示如下:

gem env

RubyGems Environment: - VERSION: 0.9.4 (0.9.4) - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /var/lib/gems/1.8 - GEM PATH: - /var/lib/gems/1.8 - REMOTE SOURCES: - http://gems.rubyforge.org

gem -v 显示版本号是 0.0.4,版本太老了。肯定是 gems.rubyforge.org重定向的原因,用 curl 检查,果然是重定向到 rubygems.org 了。

curl -I gems.rubyforge.org HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently Date: Sun, 01 Aug 2010 07:56:15 GMT Server: Apache/2.2.3 (Red Hat) mod_ssl/2.2.3 OpenSSL/0.9.8e-fips-rhel5 Phusion_Passenger/2.2.15 X-Powered-By: Phusion Passenger (mod_rails/mod_rack) 2.2.15 X-Runtime: 0.000490 Set-Cookie: _test_session=BAh7BiIPc2Vzc2lvbl9pZCIlODdkYjBhYWU5NDg2YjA2MzM5Y2NhOWFjY2VlOGEwYjc%3D--bd78425fafbfa5e8edfb28f87805d82554e5d0b6; path=/; HttpOnly Location: http://rubygems.org/ Status: 301 Content-Type: httpd/unix-directory ERROR: While executing gem ... (Gem::RemoteSourceException) HTTP Response 301

使用 gem sources -r 及 gem sources -c 都不好用,还是出错。最后,删掉重装:

apt-get remove rubygems wget http://rubyforge.org/frs/download.php/70696/rubygems-1.3.7.tgz tar xvzf rubygems-1.3.7.tag cd rubygems-1.3.7 ruby setup.rb

最后提示安装了 /usr/bin/gem1.8,需要做个符号链接:

cd /usr/bin ln -sf gem1.8 gem

Done.

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